What Bike Gear To Use On Flat Road? Top Full Guide 2023

What Bike Gear To Use On Flat Road Top Full Guide

If you’re looking to cruise on flat roads, you’ll want to be in comfortable gear for you. Some people like to be in a higher gear to go faster, while others prefer a lower gear to take it easy. Ultimately, it’s up to you to find what bike gear to use on flat road.

What Bike Gear To Use On Flat Road?

It is easy to explain which bike gear to use on a flat surface by simply saying that the one that allows for comfortable pedaling is the best.

If you feel that it is difficult to turn the pedals on a flat road riding or your cadence is too slow, you can shift to lower gears to make it easier to pedal faster and more efficiently.

What Bike Gear Should You Use On Flat Roads

If you feel that you are spinning too fast or the bike isn’t moving very far, it may be time to shift to a harder gear. This will give your legs more resistance and allow you to pedal at a faster speed.

You might consider a harder gear if you feel tired. You might opt for a harder gear if you want to move faster. You can experiment with the rear gears and ratios to find what works.

Low Gears – Middle Gears – High Gears

There are three types: low, middle, and high gear.

Gears Low

For climbing, low gear is the best. Combining the smaller chainring and the larger rear cogs will result in low-gear bikes. This low gear is great for riding uphill and in the headwind.

It will keep your bike pedals turning when the flat road turns sharply upward. This gear allow you climbs short-distance peaks without exerting too much effort.

Middle Gear

For regular terrain on a flat road, the middle gear is ideal. You can shift to the middle gear if you need strength, but not enough to ride on undulating roads. Combine the middle chainring with a triple rear cog to bike ride smoothly on a flat road.

For beginners in biking, it is best to keep the bike in middle gear. You can also ride the bike on flat terrain. To learn more about what gear works best, you can shift gears with a relaxed mindset.

Low Gears - Middle Gears - High Gears

High Gear

It would help if you shifted to high to ride at a higher speed. You can also use high gear to climb up or down. From moderate throttle input, by shifting gears too high, you can combine the large chainring (front gear) with smaller rear cogs. This gear allows you to travel a lot for every pedal stroke.

The middle gear is best for riding on a flat road. This is a popular choice for bikers because it reduces pressure on the pedals.

Modern electric bikes have built-in gears that change depending on terrain, riding style and other conditions.

How To Use Bike Gears

How To Shift Gears On A Bike

The guide below is about how to shift gears on a bike that is applicable to bicycles with traditional drivetrains that include multiple front chainrings. (If you have a hub system, skip to the tips section; if you only have one front chainring, go to step 2.)

  1. The chain on the front chainrings is moved by using the left-hand shifter: To vary how easy or difficult it is to pedal, you make major gear changes as follows:
  • If your front hub has three chainrings, start your chain on the middle one and make significant changes up or down as necessary. Start with your chain on either of the two chainrings (if you have them).
  • If you wish to pedal much more easily (for instance, if you’re climbing hills), move your chain to the smallest front chainring.
  • If you want to make cycling much more difficult (for example, if you’re traveling down hills and need to regulate your speed), move your chain to the largest chainring up front.
  1. Moving the chain on the back cassette with the right-hand shifter: You can make little adjustments in the following way to get the ideal gear:
  • If you want to gradually make cycling easier, shift your chain to the larger cogs towards the back (i.e., while climbing).
  • If you wish to pedal harder and harder, shift your chain to the smaller back cogs (i.e., while descending).
  • You might be thinking that it will be difficult to remember all of these specifics. The best course of action is to get outside and experiment until muscle memory forms for which shifters to use when.

Tips for Proper Shifting

Tips for Proper Shifting

Any bike can benefit from the following advice:

Anticipate the terrain: Consider the terrain before shifting, not halfway up when you’re slowing down quickly and putting the most strain on the pedals. If you must shift while going up a hill, do so slowly and temporarily let up on the pedal pressure.

When you shift while pressing too hard on the pedals, you may notice a lot of grinding, which may cause your drivetrain to deteriorate more quickly. It’s acceptable to change through more than one gear at a time on flat or downhill terrain.

When in doubt, shift into gear: Being easier to pedal since, although it may feel faster at first, doing so quickly depletes your strength and may be painful on your knees. It is more efficient to ride faster in a harder gear while using an easier gear and higher cadence.

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For the duration of your ride, try to maintain the greatest pedaling speed you can comfortably manage. After a few rides, you’ll probably get a sense of what cadence works best for you. By purchasing a bike computer that allows you to properly track cadence as you ride, you may also adopt a scientific approach to life.

For a traditional bike with several front chainrings, use the advice below:

Use one shifter at a time: Avoid using the front and rear shifters simultaneously to make gear shifting easier and less stressful on your drivetrain. Keep in mind that you can adjust your gear setting by shifting the chain between the front chainrings and the rear cogs.

Do not cross-chain: Cross-chaining, which involves selecting gears that place your chain simultaneously on the front and back cassette’s opposing ends, is difficult for the drivetrain. Rather, stick to selecting rear cogs that are relatively aligned with the front cog you select.

Ideal Gear Ratio Flat Roads

It is essential to consider leg strength, preference, elevation, and other factors when choosing the correct gear ratio.

A low gear ratio can result in your legs moving at an extremely high-speed gear if your terrain is hilly.

If the ratio is too high, you might want to push your bike steep hill to make it easier to pedal.

A flat road and smooth surfaces require a ratio of 2.6 to 3.0.

A cadence of 90 RMP will allow you to ride at 30 km/h. The lower range will enable you to go up to 34 km/h.

If you’re a beginner, the ratio of 2.7 to 2.8 is ideal.

After riding your bike for a while, you can have your gear ratio adjusted later. This will help you determine if you require a higher or lower gear ratio.

Are Gear Ratios Same For Everyone?

As each biker is different, these ratios will differ based on their preferences.

Your personal preference will dictate the gear ratio you choose.

You can seek the guidance of someone who is more experienced if you are starting.

Remember that your preference and gear ratio will change as you gain muscle mass.

Are Gear Ratios Same For Everyone

Why Your Bike Has Gears?

You have different gears on your bike riding to ensure a comfortable and steady cadence, no matter the terrain.

Most people find 90 RPMs to be the most efficient and comfortable.

This is a personal preference, and some cyclists find a slower or faster cadence more comfortable.

You’ll switch to a lower gear when you are cycling uphill to allow your legs to spin even if the terrain becomes more difficult. Although your speed will slow down, it will still be easy to ride uphill.

You’ll change to rugged gear when you go descending steep downhill slopes. This will allow you to continue pedaling when it’s easier. You will experience a faster speed.

It is quite different to ride on the flats. You want to maintain a friendly, comfortable cadence. But which bike gear to use?

Some Important Things To Remember When Using Bike Gears

Some Important Things To Remember When Using Bike Gears

  • It would help if you shifted slowly – Make sure the chain is fully engaged before moving.
  • It is the left gear. The right gear is fine-tuning.
  • You can practice riding on different terrains using gear shifting
  • Do not cross-chain and avoid staying with one type of chaining
  • Learn how to read the chainring and cogs.
  • Avoid stress when riding your bike or preparing to go for a first ride. Everyone has to start somewhere. No one can become a champion rider overnight. Remember to practice; practice makes perfect. You can never stop practicing until your goals are achieved.

What Types Of Gears Does A Bicycle Have?

A flat road bike will come with a range of gears.

Your bike might be 8-10, 10, or 11-speed. Your bike has more gears than this!

Attached to the pedal are 2 or 3 chainrings. These are the significant shifters that change the way you shift gears. In the United States, you will find them on the left side of your handlebars.

The cassette is located on the back wheel. It consists of 8 to 11 cogs. This is where you get the eight-speed and 11-speed words.

The cassette in the back can be used to fine-tune your cadence and keep it where you want it. The cassette will be moved with the shifters located on the right-hand side.

This is where things can get a bit complicated.

What Types Of Gears Does A Bicycle Have

The small front chainring is more accessible than the large front chainring. The back has smaller cogs, which make pedaling more complex, while the larger cogs make things easier.

For argument’s sake, the smallest chainring in the front and largest cog at the back give you the most accessible gear.

The pedals will spin faster and more efficiently, but the bike will not move as quickly for each stroke.

However, the largest chainring in front and the smallest cog at the back would be the most challenging gear to pedal. Each pedal stroke would push your bike further.

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Examples for Bike Gears

A steep climb can make it difficult to turn the pedals.

The front chainring should be the smallest and the back the largest. Although you’ll be moving slower, this will allow you to spin your pedals more quickly.

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Your bike will be in the larger chainring at the front and the smaller cog at the back when you ride downhill. It will be too easy for you to pedal and you’ll end up just coasting.

You will most likely choose something in the middle for the flats. The front chainring will be the largest and the back the middle cog.

This will allow you to pedal smoothly while maintaining reasonable speed and cadence.

Specific Bike Gears

The crankset is the name given to the front chainrings.

A 50/34 crankset is relatively standard on a road bike. The large chainring will have 50 teeth at the front, while the smaller one has 34.

The front chainring is smaller and easier to pedal.

There are many cogs in the cassette at the back. The smallest cog might have 11 teeth, while the largest may have 28. This makes a cassette with 11-28 tracks.

My Canyon Ultimate comes with a crankset of 50/34 and an 11/32 cassette.

You can count the number and make sure you know what your cassettes and crankset are.

How Do Gear Ratios Work?

Each crank turn turns the back wheel when you pedal your bike. This is simply a fancy way to describe how many times the back wheels spin for each turn of your pedals.

You can calculate your gear ratio by dividing the number of teeth you use on your chainring by the number you use on your rear cog.

If you use the 34 tooth chainring and the 34 tooth cog, the ratio will be 1.0. This means that your wheel will turn once for every crank turn.

which gear should i use on my bike

A smaller number means it is easier to turn the pedals, but the bike will not travel as far because the wheel doesn’t spin as often.

On the other hand, a higher number means that it is more difficult to turn the crank but that you will travel further each time.

Here you can find out the easiest gear ratios for your bike.

Why Do Gear Ratios Matter?

My fixed gear bike only has one gear. The chainring measures 44 inches, and the cog at the back is 17. My lighter gear ratio is 2.44. This should allow me to travel at about 18 mph flat on the flat road with a cadence of 90.

However, if I traded in the cog for a 20t to make pedaling more accessible, I would only be able to go 15.5 mph. That is a gear ratio of 2.2.

Even a slightly lower gear ratio can make a huge difference. Although it will be easier to pedal, you’ll still ride slower.

You don’t have to use one gear on a standard road bike. As your terrain changes, you can adjust the gear ratio.

You want to use your smaller chainring on hills. This means that you might be using a 34 front and 32 back. This gives you a ratio of 1.06.

Your wheel spins 1.06 times for every turn of your pedals. It is easy to pedal uphill, but it will take you a while to reach your destination.

For those going downhill, the big chainring at the front should be used and the smaller cog at the back.

This will give you a 4.55 gear ratio, which is more complicated. Your bike will move further, even though you’ll experience more resistance to turning the cranks.

Which gear ratio should be used if you’re traveling on a flat road? A middle gear ratio is best, ranging from 2.5 to 3.5.

A 50t chainring and an 18t cog will yield a 2.78. This appropriate gear will get you to around 19.5 mph if your cadence measures 90 RPMs.

Best Gear For Flats At High Speed

You will need to use the large chainring at the front and the middle cog at the back to get fast.

You can shift to a simpler cog if it is too difficult to turn the pedals. If it’s too difficult to turn the pedals or you aren’t moving fast enough, you can switch to a hard gear.

Best Gear For Flats At High Speed

Best Gear For Hard Workouts

You could use your large chainring or larger cogs if you don’t care about speed but still want to increase your muscle work.

This right gear combination makes it more challenging to turn the pedals and will work your muscles. It isn’t an excellent way to increase speed, but it is not efficient.

Best Gear For Recovery Rides

You will need easy gear if you plan to ride slower or recover.

To resist the temptation of pushing too hard, use the small chainring at the front and the larger cog at the back. Although you’ll be moving slower, your legs will feel less stiff, and your heart will work less.

Best Gear For Mountain Bikes

You’ll have slightly more options if you ride a mountain bike on flat roads.

However, the principles remain the same. It would help if you chose the gears that offer the fastest speed and the lowest RPMs. Mountain bike rides have more ‘easy’ and less complicated gears because they are often uphill.

Best Gear For A Cyclocross Or Gravel Bike

A 1x set is the current trend for gearing cyclocross bikes and gravel bikes.

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This gearing allows the bikes to have only one chainring in front and larger-spaced set cogs back. My Liv Brava, for example, has a 40-tooth chainring and an 11/34 cassette.

The most accessible gear has a gear ratio of 1.17, while the most challenging gear has a ratio of 3.6. If I were going to ride it on flat road, I would choose 40/13.

One problem with 1x setups? You can’t constantly adjust your cadence, so you might have to spin faster or slower to keep up with others.

A Note About Crosschaining

Cross-chaining might make die-hard roadies gasp in dismay.

It is not the worst thing, but it is better for your bike if you avoid it.

Cross-chaining uses either the biggest chainring with the largest cog at the back or the smallest chainring with the smallest cog at the back.

This type of gearing can cause unnecessary tension and stress to your bike chain by stretching it diagonally. This can make your drivetrain less efficient and cause more wear over time.

Cross-chaining is usually unnecessary as the gears in one chainring are duplicated. Choose the option that puts less tension.


What easier gear should I use for biking on a flat road?

There are three types of gear: low, middle, and high. Because it lowers the pressure on the pedals, the middle gear is the best. Many electric bikes can automatically change gears based on different situations.

Is gear one on a bicycle high or low?

There are three types of gear: low, middle, and high. Because it lowers the pressure on the pedals, the middle gear is the best. Many electric bikes can automatically change gears based on different situations.

what gear should i bike in

What is the most straightforward gear on a road bike?

The most extensive gear should be the easiest on a road bike. It can be challenging to decide between these gears while riding a flat road. There is a lot of confusion about which gear to choose and whether it is easy or difficult.

Although a larger gear would usually mean a higher ratio and more incredible speed, it doesn’t necessarily mean it will be easier to ride with it than smaller ones.

The terrain will decide whether you can choose a larger gear. This means that there is no definitive way to determine if you can use higher equipment. It is best to use smaller gears, as we don’t know the terrain we will encounter while riding.

Which gear should you store your bike in?

Many riders don’t care about the right gear with which a bike is stored, so they ride their bikes to storage and then lock them up. Keeping your bike with the gears at the highest level and the chain on a small sprocket is best.

This will ensure that rear derailleur springs are under minimal pressure, and there is little chance of the chain getting in the spokes or rubbing against the frame.

This allows the cable to be at its last tension. The cable will stretch more minor, and the gears will remain in a more extended adjustment.

How do I change the gears on my bicycle?

You should be able to change between lower and higher gears by understanding your bike. Your bike’s speed can be affected by the gear you choose. You can only learn how to use bike gears by doing it. You can change your bike gear by shifting on the handlebar or twisting the shifter with one hand on the right hand.

A bike gear, also known as cycling gear, is a bicycle component used in pairs—one on each side of the rear wheel. The gears let the rider choose how hard they want to pedal comfortably while riding along a road. This allows them to set their own pace and not worry about going too slow or fast.


Which cog is gear 1 on a bike?

Below is the two cog that is gear 1 on a bike.

The smallest chain ring at the front (this is the cog closest to the bike frame) and. The rear cassette’s biggest cog (this will be the one closest to the rear wheel)

Gear combinations 21-speed bike?

21-speed bike has front triple chainring and seven rear cassette speeds. Once you grasp 21-speed bike gearing, you can ride longer without becoming weary.

When to use high gear on a bike?

We use high gear when descending or riding at high speeds.

Bicycle gears for dummies

A bike gear, which is also called cycling gear, is a part of a bike that is used in pairs, one on each side of the back wheel. With the gears, the rider can choose how hard to pedal while going down the road. This lets them go at their own speed without worrying about going too slowly or too quickly.


There are a lot of factors to consider when deciding what gear to use when going on flat roads. This can include your height, weight, and ride type. Ultimately, you should know what right gear is best for your body.

Whether you’re a beginner looking to learn how to ride faster or an experienced cyclist wanting to get the most out of your bike, the rear gear you choose will significantly affect your overall performance. BSXInsight hopes this guide helps you out.

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